Denial of Service (DoS)

Affecting i18n gem, versions < 0.8.0

high severity

Overview

i18n is a Ruby Internationalization and localization solution.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS) attacks via the Hash#slice() Function. An attaker may cause the program to crash by calling a hash when :some_key is in keep_keys but not in the hash.

Details

Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package

Remediation

Upgrade i18n to version 0.8.0 or higher.

References

Do your applications use this vulnerable package?

Credit
Unknown
CVE
CVE-2014-10077
CWE
CWE-400
Snyk ID
SNYK-RUBY-I18N-72582
Disclosed
06 Nov, 2018
Published
12 Nov, 2018