Denial of Service (DoS)

Affecting io.vertx:vertx-core artifact, versions [,3.5.4)

Overview

io.vertx:vertx-core is a tool-kit for building reactive applications on the JVM.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS) attack. The WebSocket HTTP upgrade implementation buffers the full http request before doing the handshake, holding the entire request body in memory without a limit which could lead to memory exhaustion.

Details

Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package

Remediation

Upgrade io.vertx:vertx-core to version 3.5.4 or higher.

References

Do your applications use this vulnerable package?

CVSS Score

6.5
medium severity
  • Attack Vector
    Network
  • Attack Complexity
    Low
  • Privileges Required
    None
  • User Interaction
    Required
  • Scope
    Unchanged
  • Confidentiality
    None
  • Integrity
    None
  • Availability
    High
CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
Credit
Unknown
CVE
CVE-2018-12541
CWE
CWE-789
Snyk ID
SNYK-JAVA-IOVERTX-72443
Disclosed
03 Oct, 2018
Published
21 Oct, 2018